Drum Corps International
Spotlight of the Week: 1999 Crossmen
1999 CrossmenPhoto by: Drum Corps International

Spotlight of the Week: 1999 Crossmen

by Michael Boo

The 1999 Drum Corps International World Championships went to University of Wisconsin’s Camp Randall Stadium for the fifth time and ended with a number of memorable results.

Blue Devils became the first corps to cross the barrier of 10 DCI titles, sharing the gold medal in ‘99 with the Santa Clara Vanguard, while the Boston Crusaders made the Finals for the very first time in the corps’ long history. 

It was also a big year for Crossmen, as the corps celebrated its 25th anniversary. Back in 1974, the corps was formed in a merger of two Philadelphia corps, the 507 Hornets and the Keystone Regiment. The corps is named for the corps’ then-sponsor, Norwood, Pennsylvania American Legion John Wesley Cross Post 507, located just outside Philadelphia. The post was named after a World War I veteran and the members were given the privilege of voting on the name of the new corps.

Crossmen’s 10th-place show, “Changing Perspectives: A Silver Celebration,” started with Frank Ticheli’s “Blue Shades,” a work that also served as Santa Clara Vanguard’s closer the same year. A professor of composition at the University of Southern California, Ticheli wrote “Blue Shades” in 1997 for a commissioning consortium of 30 high school, university, and community bands.

According to the composer, the work “alludes to the Blues, and a jazz feeling is prevalent.” However, “There is not a single 12-bar blues progression to be found, and except for a few isolated sections, the eighth-note is not swung.” Inspired by the blues, Ticheli constantly employed a variety of “blues notes” that give the blues its idiomatic identity, adding, “Blues harmonies, rhythms, and melodic idioms pervade the work; and many ‘shades of blue’ are depicted, from bright blue, to dark, to dirty, to hot blue.”



At the start of the show, sparkling metallic silver lamé flags paid homage to the silver anniversary of the corps. The color guard members, wearing blue-draped poncho-like shawls that covered just one side of the body, then went to rifles and burgundy flags.

The production got underway with the opening of the concert band piece, utilizing the interval skip of a minor third that is so prevalent in the blues and is the primarily melodic source for the first 115 measures of Ticheli’s piece. After several moments the composer refers to as “Dark and Dirty,” a soprano bugle played a solo based on the work’s extended clarinet solo, which Ticheli wrote as a tribute to famed clarinetist and big band leader Benny Goodman.

The wailing brass chords near the end were said by Ticheli to recall, “the train whistle effects commonly used during that era.” This segment introduced flags of various “blue shades” that enveloped the front of the field. A brief glimpse of the brass players forming a giant outline of an “X” referenced the corps’ nickname of X-men.

The middle selection was Barry Manilow’s tender and evocative “When October Goes,” a ballad based on unfinished lyrics by the great Johnny Mercer, founder of the Capitol Records and one of the most famous songwriters, lyricists, and pop composers of the 20th Century. Among his most famous lyrics written to music of others are several selections performed by top DCI corps, including “Hooray for Hollywood,” “Blues in the Night,” “That Old Black Magic,” “Come Rain or Come Shine,” and “Autumn Leaves.”

The corps’ closer was Paul Halley’s “Appalachian Morning,” written by the five-Grammy Award-winning keyboardist and composer for the Paul Winter Consort. Winter had met Halley in 1979, and they collaborated on multitudes of projects, many incorporating nature sounds such as rainstorms, waterfalls and animals.

The piece was first played by the corps in 1993 and came off the Consort’s 1990 album, “Earth: Voices of a Planet,” commissioned for the 20th anniversary of Earth Day and premiered in Times Square. Instruments, voices, and sounds from each continent are utilized somewhere in the album, even from Antarctica. Flags showed an image of the sun peaking over fields of gold, mirrored in the color of the guard’s new costume coverings.

Prior to the final push by the corps, a drum interlude borrowed heavily from the traditional rudimental drum solo, “The Three Camps.” Originally an accompaniment to a Revolutionary-era reveille (military call to assembly) melody for fife, the solo has become a must-learn piece for anyone studying percussion. For drummers in the stands, the reference to the work was a hoot. For everyone else, it was just a great high-sticking drum feature.

Toward the end, a drill formation of four ovals connected in one continuous curving squiggle saw the members of the horn line trace the form for several counts by moving through four individual pass-through points. The maneuver was much more difficult than it appeared.

One last blast in a block form brought the show to its conclusion, and perhaps the gold flags were a sign that the corps was now looking toward its next 25 years and its 50th anniversary.

For this week only, you can save on the Legacy Collection DVD that contains this complete Crossmen performance, along with all finalists from the 1999 DCI World Championships.

Buy the 1999 Legacy Collection DVD.
(Available this week only for 20% off. Regular price: $35.95.)

1999 Overview

Discount DVD offer ends Monday, June 22.



Michael Boo was a member of the Cavaliers from 1975-1977. He has written about the drum corps activity for more than a quarter century and serves as a staff writer for various Drum Corps International projects. Boo has written for numerous other publications and has published an honors-winning book on the history of figure skating.

As an accomplished composer, Boo holds a bachelor’s degree in music education and a master’s degree in music theory and composition. He resides in Chesterton, Indiana.

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